A dental crown is a tooth-shaped cap that can either be placed on an implanted post or over an existing tooth. Crowns can be made of various materials for different purposes.

What Are Dental Crowns Made Of?

Metal crowns can be made from various alloys, including gold, platinum, cobalt-chromium and nickel-chromium. These crowns are strong and last the longest of all materials. They rarely break, but their color and the high price of some of the metals, like gold, can cause people to seek another option.

Stainless steel crowns are often used temporarily while a permanent crown is being made. They’re also used for children to reduce the number of visits needed to care for a primary tooth that has been treated for decay until the tooth naturally falls out and the adult tooth takes its place.

For visible teeth, porcelain fused to metal can create a crown that matches your tooth color. These are a great option if the crowns are being fitted to a long bridge where structural strength is important. However, porcelain crowns chip easily and can cause some wear to their opposing teeth.

All-ceramic or all-porcelain crowns provide the best natural color matching. Because of this, they can be used for front and back teeth.

All-resin crowns are cost-effective, but they wear down over time and tend to break easier than porcelain-fused-to-metal-crowns.

Why Do We Need Dental Crowns?

Dental crowns can restore previously broken or worn-down teeth or protect weak teeth from decay, breakage, or chips. When the exterior of a tooth is worn away, a crown can cover the filling of the existing tooth and prevent it from being damaged. Crowns are also attached to dental implants to take the place of a missing tooth and are used as a cosmetic modification to improve a person’s appearance.

How Is a Dental Crown Prepared and Placed?

At your first visit to get a crown, you will get X-rays to check the roots of the tooth and assess the surrounding bone. If there is excessive damage due to decay or if there appears to be an infection or risk of injury to the tooth’s pulp, the dentist may recommend a root canal first.

The tooth will need to be shaped to receive the crown, so you will be anesthetized (numbed) while your dentist does this. If a significant portion of the tooth is missing, the dentist will build up and shape the tooth so the crown can fit well on it.

Then, your dentist will make an impression of your teeth with paste or putty to check your bite and make adjustments to the crown before you arrive for its placement.

Finally, your dentist will place a temporary crown to protect the tooth while the permanent crown is made. It is held in place with temporary cement, so it can be removed easily.

At your second visit, after removing the temporary crown, your dentist will check the fit and color of the permanent crown. You will be anesthetized again, and the temporary crown will be removed and replaced with the permanent crown.

Do Dental Crowns Require Special Care?

A dental crown is not a guarantee for full protection of your tooth, so you still need to care for it as though it were another tooth. This means practicing good oral hygiene – brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and rinsing with antibacterial mouthwash once a day.

How Long Do Dental Crowns Last?

Depending on oral hygiene and your personal habits (such as tooth grinding, jaw clenching, and nail biting), a dental crown can last from 5 to 15 years.

For more information about crowns, their cost, and whether your dental insurance can help with the cost, contact us today.

Brushing and flossing are the basics of good oral hygiene, but there’s more to a healthy smile. Keeping your mouth less acidic, which will protect your tooth enamel and decrease tooth decay will go a long way to help your mouth stay healthy and reduce your need for dental care. Keeping your pH balanced is the way to go.

What is the pH scale?

There are two terms you need to understand, before we talk about the scale. Acid and base or alkaline. You are probably more familiar with acids relating to food, because if you eat too much acid, you need to take an Antacid (“anti-acid”). The opposite of acid is alkaline or basic. The scale that measures these levels is called the pH scale. The initials pH stand for potential Hydrogen. Without going into a lot of chemistry, high hydrogen numbers are not good. On the pH scale, the highest hydrogen concentration is 0.

The pH scale goes from 0 (highest acid) to 14 (highest alkaline). Here’s an idea of where various substances fall on the pH scale:

Why Do We Need to Know This?

High hydrogen (acidity) in the mouth and human body bring about problems and poor health.

Specifically, in the mouth, acidic foods and drinks can wear away at the enamel on your teeth, exposing your teeth to cracking and fissures, which then makes nice homes for bacteria that causes cavities and infection.

What Can We Do To Prevent This From Happening?

Saliva is a great defense mechanism against acid. It washes away food residue and keeps our oral pH balanced. We can help our saliva do its job by avoiding snacking on and drinking sugary foods and beverages. Have sweet foods and drinks at meal time and avoid them between meals.

Limiting acidic drinks, citrus and citrus-flavored, carbonated or sour drinks is one way you can protect your teeth. Orange juice, lemonade, limeade all are very high in acid, so rather than daily, have those juices as a special treat. Always follow a citrus drink with water to dilute the acidity in your mouth.

Watch out for highly sour candies too. Some of them rival battery acid, so be super careful and make them a rare treat.

Some foods should not be eaten alone, such as tomatoes and citrus fruits. Eat them with a meal. Dried fruits (raisins, dates, apricots, prunes, etc.) are sticky, so their residue sticks to your teeth long after you have eaten them. That sticky stuff provides a good meal for bacteria that will produce more acid which causes further erosion in the tooth enamel.

You can find more information about protecting your teeth by clicking here. But the best way you can protect your teeth is by visiting your dentist regularly. Contact us today to set an appointment, so that you can smile with confidence.

With the increase in stress from lock-downs, unemployment, social media controversy and many other stressors, bruxism increased by 59% as of last year, according to American Dental Association. Dentists are still seeing the results of closed dental practices and decreases in dental visits when the practices were opened.

What is Bruxism

Bruxism is tooth grinding or clenching, which puts a lot of pressure on your teeth and if your teeth are already compromised or weak, grinding or clenching can cause even more damage. Not to mention, the pain it can cause your jaw, an increase in the possibility of TMJ disorder and an increase in headaches.

What Causes Tooth Grinding Or Tooth Clenching

Of course, the number one cause of bruxism is stress or nervous tension. Related emotions and feelings can be anger, pain, or frustration. People who are hurried, overly competitive or aggressive have a higher possibility of being tooth grinders than people who are much more relaxed and easygoing. Sometimes, it can be caused by an imbalance in brain neurotransmitters or some medications may cause it (1).

How Is Bruxism Diagnosed

During an exam, your dentist will look at the condition of your teeth and ask questions about symptoms and discomfort. Some signs are visible to the dentist, some require that you tell your dentist about discomforts or problems. These are some symptoms to be aware of:

Treatments for Bruxism

Once tooth grinding or clenching has been diagnosed, treatment can be prescribed.

Being fit for a mouthguard to wear at night or during the day, which will help prevent further damage to your teeth, as well as protect any new dental work.

Changing your behavior by being taught how to rest your tongue, how to keep your teeth apart and how to keep your lips closed, and how to relax.

Biofeedback for daytime clenching and grinding can aid in making you aware of when you are doing it by measuring the muscle activity of the mouth and jaw.

Prescribed or changed medication either to help regulate the neurotransmitters in your brain or changing medication that may be known to cause bruxism, such as antidepressants, fluoxetine and paroxetine.(1)

Prevention of Bruxism

Of course, preventing a problem before it starts or even gets worse is always a good thing.

As soon as you are aware of higher stress or some ongoing emotional stressors in your life, start doing the following, in order to prevent the possibility of falling into the bad habit of grinding or clenching your teeth.

Being sure you see your dentist regularly will go a long way in helping to prevent and treat tooth grinding or clenching. Book your appointment today.


  1. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/bruxism
  2. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bruxism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356100

School has begun. Autumn is starting. Pumpkin spice is sprouting up everywhere. And along with all that comes sports, specifically football and basketball in the fall and winter months. If your child loves sports and will be participating in either a town, city or school team, there will be plenty of chances for injuries. To prevent injuries, we highly recommend that you get a mouthguard. You can save thousands of dollars in tooth repairs and/or corrective surgeries by being sure your child has and uses one.

Are Mouth Guards Really Necessary?

Clearly, mouth guards are as important a part of sporting equipment as a pair of sneakers and a helmet. So, what type of mouthguard would be best?

Types of Mouthguards

Boil and Bite Mouth Protectors are exactly as the name describes. The mouth guard is put in hot water. After it softens, it is inserted into the mouth and bitten down on, then shaped and pressed into the teeth with pressure from a finger and tongue.

Custom-fitted mouth protectors are designed specifically from an impression of the teeth. Your dentist will make a form, then create the guard from special material. A lot of care and time is put into making the guard, so it is the higher-priced of the options, but it will provide quality comfort and protection. And it will save money in the long term as it will cost less than emergency dental work.

If there are braces or other dental appliances involved, your dentist will know the best way to accommodate them.

A good quality, custom-fit mouthguard should resist tearing, provide a comfortable fit, be durable, be easy to clean, and allow for clear speaking and easy breathing.

Are Mouth Guards Just For Kids?

No, anyone involved in sports, from the very youngest T-Ball player to the oldest professional athlete should be wearing a mouth guard. Any time there are objects flying, or swinging or contact of any type, the mouth, jaw and head should be protected.

Caring For A Mouthguard

When the mouth guard is not in use, it is important to keep it clean and dry. Here are some additional tips for helping to preserve and maintain a mouthguard:

To get more details about mouth guards, contact us today. We’ll be happy to provide more information.

Restorative dentistry is the branch of dentistry which covers all areas of dental restoration; including preserving dental structures, repairing broken or damaged teeth, and replacing damaged or missing teeth.

The procedures used can range from small repairs such as fillings or sealing cavities, to bridges and crowns, fully replacing one or more teeth with implants – and everything in between.

Restorative dentistry returns to the patient the full use of mouth and teeth, liberating patients in need of general dental care or those who have suffered illness or injury.

The different restorative dental procedures vary based on patient need, severity of damage to the dental structures, patient commitment, and price. The dentist will recommend a treatment plan based on a patient’s current situation and needs.  Frequently, a patient will have options to select from.

Here, we will examine 5 main types of restorative dental treatments.


Probably the most well-known, minor restorative procedure is the dental filling.  When a tooth has a cavity that does not need more extensive treatment, such as a root canal, the dentist can remove the decay, dry and sanitize the area, and fill it in with a composite resin.  In the past, gold or silver was used to fill in the cavity, but current use of resin has been found to be better for the patient.

A root canal is a more extreme version of a filling.  With a root canal the dentist removes infected pulp within a tooth’s root canal and replaces it with the filling material.  This sealing the tooth and removing all decay.

The filling protects the previously weakened tooth from bacteria, chipping, or breaks.  Fillings are restorative in the sense that they repair damaged teeth in order to preserve the tooth and lengthen its useful life. Sometimes, fillings are paired with crowns to provide extra strength and durability for a damaged tooth.  With proper care, dental fillings can last 10 to 15 years or longer.


Another restorative dental procedure is the crown.  A crown is a protective outer covering that is custom-fitted to fit snug and tight as an outer shell around the affected tooth.

Although dental crowns can be made from any of a number of different materials, they’re most often made out of ceramic; a strong substance that can be matched to the color of the tooth.

A crown is always carefully measured to custom-fit the tooth, creating a tight seal and a high level of protection. First, the dentist will take an impression of the patient’s bite. From this impression a crown will be made which will mesh perfectly with the patient’s other teeth and dental structure.  Once the crown has been made, it will be checked and then held in place with a special, strong dental cement.

Crowns are considered a restorative procedure because they help bring back strength and power to the bite and help preserve an existing tooth despite previous injury or decay.

As with fillings, with proper care, dental crowns can last from 5 to 15 years.

Fixed Bridges

While a filling or crown is the best option for prolonging the life of a damaged or weakened tooth, a missing tooth required a different restorative process.  One such process is fitting the patient or and installing a fixed bridge.

Patients of any age may experience tooth loss.  If this loss occurs, often the best restorative procedure is the traditional fixed bridge.

A fixed bridge fills the gap left by one or more missing teeth.  It works much like a real bridge; anchored at both ends by firm structures.  In the case of a dental bridge, the structures that support the bridge are two existing teeth. The permanent, prosthetic teeth are placed in the mouth, bridging the gap where the tooth or teeth were formerly missing.  These artificial teeth are usually made out of ceramic resin and are color-matched to the existing teeth surrounding them.

The way these bridges are “built” maximizes structure, efficiency, and appearance.  Two hollow crown-like structures on either end are bonded to each existing tooth, which act as supports. One of more prosthetic (artificial) teeth, attached to an appliance are place in such a manner as to sit on the patient’s gum line, anchored in place by the real teeth on either end.

Where too many teeth are missing, a procedure called an implant-retained bridge can be done. This type of bridge is similar to the traditional dental bridge, except that it is anchored to dental implants rather than the patient’s natural teeth.

The measurement and design of a fixed dental bridge is both a skill and an art. The dentist will make sure it looks and feels like natural teeth.  With proper care, a dental bridge can last 10 to 15 years or longer.


Dentures are an excellent restorative option for those patients missing all their teeth. They are the fastest and most economical way to replace teeth and transform the look and functionality of the mouth.

Not only are dentures available to replace all the patient’s teeth, but they also can be used as partial or implant-secured options for those who are missing only one or a few teeth.  Dentures are an excellent choice for those patients who need an immediate tooth replacement solution.

Some patients will decide to be fitted for dentures to wear while they are awaiting other treatments, such as fixed bridges or implants.  For some patients, however, dentures make a great long-term restorative dental treatment. They are relatively quick and inexpensive when compared with other solutions.

Dentures, unlike implants or bridges, are not permanent. Patients must remove, clean them, and keep them in water overnight and when they take them out for any other extended period of time. Dentures are not effective in treating bone loss in the jaw.

To make a set of dentures, the dentist will take an impression of patient’s bite and have the dentures custom-fitted to the mouth. Once fitted, dentures are held in place with a special type of dental adhesive, but most patients can keep them in place with their tongue and natural suction as well.

Dentures are usually made of acrylics and ceramics and, with proper care, have an average lifespan of 5 to 10 years.

Dental Implants

Dental implants, the closest thing to your natural teeth, are a reliable form of tooth replacement. An implant will replicate the look, feel, and functionality of a natural tooth.  However, dental implants are the most invasive restorative dental treatment option, requiring surgery, and a relatively long recovery time.

It is possible to get a full mouth of dental implants if the patient is missing the vast majority of his or her teeth. Dental implants can also be used if the patient is missing one or two teeth. However, dental implants can be effectively combined with other restorative treatments such as bridges and dentures creating implant-supported dentures and implant-retained bridges.

If teeth have been missing for a long time, the patient may require bone grafting, or braces before getting a dental implant.  Braces may be needed to move teeth back into position, to make room for the implant, if neighboring teeth have shifted out of place.

Bone grafting is sometimes needed if bone loss has occurred in the area of the missing teeth. In some cases, the jaw bone might be too thin or small in some areas and require bone grafting before the area is strong an dense enough to support the implant.

Normally made from titanium, dental implants are placed within the jaw to act as the root and support structure.  A dental crown is placed atop the implant, attached by a screw. Together they create the appearance and functionality of a natural tooth.

Dental implants can last 15 to 20 years.

You deserve to be able to do all the things you want – eat, smile and speak with confidence. And our dental team is committed to helping you by offering the best possible restorative dental treatments to give you back your beautiful smile and the full function of your teeth.

If you have damaged teeth from decay, infection, injury or illness, know that it doesn’t have to last. Restorative dentistry is here for you and it can fix just about any dental problem you might have.  We will find the perfect treatment plan for your unique situation.

Canker sores are small shallow ulcer or lesion that can develop on the inside of your lips, soft areas inside your mouth or at the base of your gums. Unlike cold sores, canker sores are not contagious and don’t present themselves on the surface of your lips.

However, getting a canker sore can be cause for many days of pain or discomfort and distraction. Depending on their location, some canker sores can make eating or speaking more difficult.

One may wonder where these ulcers come from and what can be done about them.

The Five Most Common Canker Sore Triggers:

  1. Eating highly acidic foods, such as pineapples, tomatoes, lemons, or strawberries can be tough on the soft tissues of the mouth and cause a canker sore reaction.
  2. The strain on one’s immune system from being ill may increase the likelihood of getting a canker sore.
  3. Biting the lip or inside the cheek can cause tissue injury. When it swells up during the healing process it becomes more likely to be bitten accidentally again.
  4. Prolonged periods of high stress put a strain on the immune system, which, in addition to other factors that may develop, makes the mouth more vulnerable to developing sores or lesions.
  5. Braces or improperly fitted dentures can lead to canker sores, if they rub against the inside of the cheeks or the gums.

Canker Sore Prevention and Remedies


If you’re prone to getting canker sores, take a look at your eating habits and lifestyle.  Perhaps, there you will find a clue to what’s causing them.  Do you tend to eat highly acidic foods?  Are you frequently ill or rundown? Do you operate in an environment of great stress? Are your dentures or braces causing undue rubbing or pain?

Prevention Techniques 

Tips for Treating Canker Sores 

Questions About Canker Sores?

If you have any questions related to canker sores or any other aspect of oral or dental care, we’ll be happy to answer them.  We want all our patients to be armed with all the knowledge they need to keep their mouths, teeth, and gums in the best possible shape

When you think of dentures, do you picture George Washington’s teeth or the cartoon dentures shown in glasses of water? Modern dentures have come a long way from those early versions. Today, there is a range of dental options available for individuals of all ages who need durable, aesthetically pleasing false teeth. Denture types include full dentures to enable chewing and speaking, hybrid sets for individual missing teeth, and a range of permanent dental implants.

These options are popular, too: in 2012, one-fifth of all American adults over the age of 65 had lost their natural teeth completely. Many others experience tooth loss for a variety of reasons. Dentists are experts in treating and advising on denture options.

The History of Dentures

Ever since humans have had teeth, they’ve been losing them! The earliest evidence of false teeth dates all the way back to 700 B.C. Before the advent of modern medicine, tooth loss posed a medical problem because it could leave people susceptible to infections. However, tooth decay also became much more widespread after the Industrial Revolution due to the spread and availability of refined, processed foods and sugars. Dentists began seeking out new ways to create in-demand, long-lasting dentures for individuals who had lost or damaged teeth.

In fact, as early as the 18th century, dental technology had advanced to create full sets of dentures. George Washington, for example, actually had more elaborate dentures than the “wooden teeth” myth leads us to think—he owned multiple dentures, including ones made from hippo tusks and human teeth!

Types of Dentures

Today, hippo ivory and lost human teeth are definitely no longer in vogue for denture materials. Instead, today’s sets are most commonly made of acrylic, resin, and plastic. They come in a variety of forms.

  1. Full Dentures

A full denture set is the most common option for older individuals who have lost, or are having issues with, all of their natural teeth. This can happen due to aging as the teeth wear down or decay over time. First, dentists will remove the natural teeth and allow gum tissue to fully heal; this process can take a few months. During the healing period, many individuals opt for immediately accessible dentures—the kind of removable denture set that appears in cartoons. The major drawback of these denture sets is that they are not permanent—they need to be removed at night, and, yes, they can theoretically fall out into a glass of water. In addition, as the gums heal, an individual might see the shape of their mouth change, so dentures do not always fit perfectly.

  1. Partial Dentures

Partial dentures are a common type of denture used for a variety of dental procedures where a tooth is removed for a period of time. For example, some individuals have baby teeth that don’t fall out on their own and need to be removed; before a permanent false tooth can be made, they typically wear a false tooth attached to a metal strip that resembles retainer. Others have lost teeth in accidents, due to decay, or because of aging. Partial dentures are useful during the aging process to keep original teeth in place, which is safer for overall dental health as well as jawbone strength.

  1. Permanent Dentures

The options for permanent dentures are varied; they include implants, bridges, and dentures supported by implants. Permanent dentures may be used for the entire mouth or for individual teeth.

The key benefit of these permanent options is that they preserve bone strength in the jaw. When dentures are removable, it changes the natural shape of the mouth and can lead to bone loss or decay in the jawbone area. Permanent dentures address this by allowing wearers to apply normal pressure through bite and mouth movement, strengthening bones and muscles, and preserving face shape. They are also more convenient; there’s no need to remove, clean, or remember permanent dentures.

Removable dentures must be cleaned carefully to prevent bacteria from forming or dirt from building up. Removable dentures should also be stored in a glass of water or special denture cleaning solution to prevent them from keeping dry. With permanent dentures, the same rules of thorough dental care apply as they do with regular, natural teeth. This includes brushing in circular motions along the teeth, the gums, the tongue, and the palate, as well as flossing, mouthwash, and regular dentist appointments.

Are you considering dentures? Make an appointment with your dentist today to learn more about your options and treatment plans. You may be surprised to learn just how advanced modern dentures are—no wooden teeth required!

Teeth grinding is a more common problem than you might think. According to the American Dental Association, up to 15% of adults grind their teeth during their sleep—meaning they often wake up with a seemingly inexplicable headache, toothache, or sore jaw. Also called sleep bruxism, nighttime teeth-grinding can affect children as well. The condition is somewhat difficult to treat; sufferers don’t exert conscious control over the habit. To counter the harmful effects of sleep bruxism—such as muscle soreness, the development of overbites, and wearing down teeth—many dentists recommend wearing a night guard.

How to Protect Against Teeth Grinding

A night guard is one of the most effective ways to prevent sleep bruxism from wreaking short- or long-term effects on your teeth and overall health. Night guards are simple-to-use dental appliances that can be worn at night. They generally come in two varieties: a hard, sturdy type, which resembles a retainer, and a soft type, which looks like the mouthguards typically used in sports. Night guards feature a small, cushioning space between the surface of the appliance and the edges of the teeth: wearing one prevents the teeth from touching and keeps you from grinding your teeth together in your sleep.

While teeth grinding itself is difficult to prevent—because it happens unconsciously—night guards can ward off costly future dental work by preventing teeth from chipping, wearing down, or eroding during sleep bruxism. Because night guards don’t stop the grinding motion itself, individuals who experience nighttime teeth grinding may still wake up with headaches and jaw pain, however.

How Night Guards Fit into Your Dental Care Routine

A night guard fits in easily with an existing dental routine. It should be applied at night right before falling asleep, and after brushing teeth and flossing. Night guards should be cleaned and stored carefully to prevent the buildup of dirt or mold. After removing the night guard in the morning, brush it with a clean, damp toothbrush—no toothpaste needed—and allow it to air dry before closing the case. Night guards that are stored wet can become hotbeds for bacteria, so ensure the guard is dry before storing.

Note that night guards aren’t the same as retainers. In other words, they won’t help to keep your teeth in place or to straighten them—instead, they’re intended to prevent teeth from touching or grinding against each other. It is ineffective to use a night guard as a retainer, and vice versa. If you have a question about how to treat sleep bruxism while using a retainer or wearing braces, contact your dentist for advice.

How Can You Get a Night Guard?

There are two common ways to get a night guard. First, over-the-counter varieties are available from most pharmacies. The best OTC night guards allow you to shape your teeth to an existing mold. Usually, you’ll boil a night guard to make it malleable, allow it to cool safely, and then gently bite into the mold to leave the exact indentations of your teeth. This helps make night guards better suited to your own mouth.

To achieve even more precision, it’s a good idea to contact the dentist. Because dentists can use professional technology and laboratories to make an exact mold of your teeth and develop long-lasting, personalized night guards, it’s worth an added price for a longer time of use, added comfort, and higher quality. If you’ve ever had a mold of your teeth made for braces, you know the importance of having more tailored dental appliances.

Learn More About Night Guards

Sleep bruxism is a frustrating problem to suffer from. But you can keep nighttime teeth grinding from developing dental issues that are costly to treat and painful to deal with. Getting a night guard is one of the best ways to keep your teeth from wearing or hurting due to sleep bruxism.

If you or your child seem to be suffering from sleep bruxism, make sure to contact us to learn more. It’s simple to get a personalized, effective night guard that protects your overall health. Dentists can also help you bring a night guard into your existing dental care plans. For example, having an overbite, underbite, or other form of teeth misalignment can exacerbate the effects of sleep bruxism by making the eroding and grinding more pronounced. Orthodontists and dentists can help address these issues. They’re also experienced with treating sleep bruxism and can provide referrals, recommendations, and advice for more comprehensive treatment plans, such as stress reduction.

In the past, if you wanted to straighten your teeth, there was only one choice available – traditional, wired-in, metal braces. However, orthodontics has evolved significantly over the years. Now, patients can choose from a variety of teeth-straightening options, selecting the one that suits their particular needs.

Of all the choices patients have, one of the most popular is Invisalign.

Benefits of Invisalign Treatment 

Halloween is just around the corner.  It’s a time for spooky movies, fun, scary decorations, wild costumes, and plenty of sugary, tasty treats.

As we all prepare for this classic Fall holiday, we thought we’d offer a few tips on how our patients can make Halloween as healthy and safe for their teeth as possible.

Tastes Good but Bad for Our Teeth

Most of us know what our favorite candy is, but how about what candy is the worst for our teeth? Sticky, hard, and sour candies all take their place in the “bad” category.  Hard candy takes a long time to dissolve, increasing the amount of time is stays on the teeth.  Sticky candy adheres to the teeth and gums, bringing all the sugar hard up against tooth enamel and the natural bacteria in the mouth. With sour candy the problem is the combination of acidic and sweet makes it twice as harmful to your oral health.

Healthier Treats for Teeth and Gums

Here’s some great news for you chocolate lovers! Chocolate contains compounds like flavonoids and polyphenols, which actually limit oral bacteria, fight bad breath, and slow tooth decay.  However, the more sugar it contains, the more it cancels out the good effects.  This is why we prefer our patients eat dark chocolate. When nuts are added to the chocolate, it’s even better – unless you have a nut allergy or wear an orthodontic appliance.

The best type of candy for your teeth are any using another sweetener such as xylitol or stevia.  Xylitol is inedible to harmful bacteria and even hurts them. Unfortunately, there aren’t many xylitol treat options besides gum.  Hopefully, that will soon change.

Minimizing he Effects of the Sweet Treat on Your Teeth

If your sweet tooth won’t be denied, there are still ways you can fight back against the ill-effects sugar has on your teeth.

Consume Candy Only at Mealtimes – Snacking on sweets between meals gives bad oral bacteria an all-day sugar binge. Eating candy with a meal gives your saliva a chance to do its job by washing away traces of sugar and neutralizing your oral ph.

Candy with a Water Chaser – Follow the consumption of candy with a large drink of water.  This will rinse some of the sugar off your teeth.

Don’t Forget to Brush and Floss – It is essential to maintain your dental routine to keep the sugar from harming your teeth!

Visit Your Dentist on a Routine Basis

Another way to keep your teeth and gums healthy despite the temptations of the season is by maintaining your twice-yearly appointments with the dentist.  These visits will help ensure you don’t have any post-Halloween cavities. 

Wishing you a happy and healthy Halloween!!!

A significant connection exists between our oral health and our overall physical well-being.  Just because we go to the dentist we are thinking primarily of our teeth and gums does not mean we are not at the same time taking care of our general health

The Mouth is One of Our Gateways to the World

As the eyes are often termed the window to the soul, the mouth is the body’s gateway to the world.  What we eat has a direct effect on our energy, stress-level, and health.  Actions related to the mouth, such as nail-biting and smoking reveal our inner feelings and directly display themselves in our teeth and gums.  Good overall health is best maintained by attending to oral health and the other way around.

Gum Disease is Connection a Number of Other Chronic Condition

According to reports from the CDC, as many as half of American adults suffer from some form of gum disease.  Gingivitis, begins as the result of plaque building up and irritating the gums.  This causes tenderness, swelling, and infection.  As time goes on, and gingivitis remains untreated, it can worsen into a condition called periodontitis, which weakens the underlying support structures of the teeth.

Additionally, studies have suggested gum disease goes not only affect the structures within the mouth, but can have an affect on a number of other chronic physical conditions.


Diabetics have a more difficult time fighting off harmful bacteria and this makes it far easier for them to develop gum disease and harder to keep it under control.  In its turn, gum disease can make it harder to control blood sugar levels and manage diabetes.  These two factors contribute to the unfortunate fact that nearly a quarter of diabetics also have gum disease.


Men with gum disease are 30% more likely to develop blood cancers, 54% more likely to develop pancreatic cancer, and 49% more likely to develop kidney cancer than those whose gums are disease-free.

Cancer treatments can adversely affect oral health. Chemotherapy and radiation frequently have side effects like dry mouth, sores in the mouth, sensitive gums, and facial and jaw pain.

Heart Disease

Although the reasons for this are unclear, heart disease and gum disease appear to be connected. As many as 9 out of every 10 people with heart disease also have gum disease.  Inflammation may be the link between these two conditions.

Other Complication

Gum disease is also linked to many other physical conditions such as kidney disease lung problems, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, and strokes.  In pregnant women, gum disease has been linked to preterm births and low birth weights.

A Healthier Mouth Means a Healthier Body

These connections between gum disease and chronic physical conditions can at first appear frightening.  However, gum disease is preventable and treatable, should it occur.  Maintain good oral hygiene habits like brushing for at least two minutes, twice a day and flossing at least once per day.

Schedule regular dental appointments and keep your dentist up-to-date on any additions to your medical history and any health concerns.

Thank you to all our loyal patients!

Most people have heard of the negative impact drinking sugary liquids, such as soda, can have in their teeth. Here, we want to cover a little more extensively some of the best and worst drinks for our teeth and why the bad ones are so bad.

Sugary Drinks, Bacteria and Acid

Soda is terrible for our teeth but, oddly enough, se are sports drinks and fruit juices. The cause of the dental problems associated with these beverages comes down to acids. Sugar feeds the harmful bacteria in the mouth. These bacteria then excrete acid onto our teeth, where it busily sets up work eroding our tooth enamel. Both the carbonic acid in soda and the citric acid in fruit juices also work directly to erode the enamel on our teeth.

Although sugar-free sodas are an improvement on those with sugar, they do nothing to remove the acidity in the drink.

Rather than drinking fruit juices, just eat the whole fruit. The water and fiber help diminish the effects of the acid and sugar and the remaining bulk and nutrients make it much more filling.

More Drinks You May Wish to Avoid (Or Cut Down On)

Alcohol, black tea, and coffee also have a negative effect of oral health. Because tea and coffee and dark in color they can stain the enamel of the teeth. Also, the added sugar many people use in these better beverages can eat away at the enamel.

Alcohol dehydrates the body, including the mouth. Without the defense of saliva the oral cavity becomes more vulnerable to bacteria.

Healthy Drinks for Healthy Teeth and Gums (The Good Guys)


Not only is Milk an excellent source of calcium, which we all need for keeping our teeth and bones strong, it can help restore minerals to our teeth, to some degree.

Calcium-fortified soy milk is a great alternative for people who are lactose intolerant or who simply wish to remain dairy-free.

Be aware that milk does contain natural sugars, so don’t leave a young child with a bottle or “sippy cup” in his or her mouth at bedtime. The remaining milk in the cup can feed oral bacteria, just like any other sugar does, leading to problems with the oral health of the child.

Green Tea and Herbal Teas

Green and herbal teas won’t stain your teeth. Drinking these types of tea actually benefits your oral health, because the contain organic chemicals known as polyphenols which combat oral bacteria. In drinking these beverages, just remember to keep the sugar to a minimum and use healthy sugar-free sweeteners instead.

Oral Health Benefits of Water

Water, good old H2O is a wonderful mouth-healthy drink, also essential to good overall health. We need water to help us produce saliva which helps defend the mouth from bacteria, sugars, and acids. The simple act of drinking water after we eat also helps wash away remaining food particles and keep the mouth clean until the next available time for brushing.

Good Mouth-Healthy Habits

We won’t try to tell you to cut out all sugary and acidic drinks, but we do recommend cutting down on the less healthy beverages and drinking more of the healthy ones; green and herbal teas, milk, and most of all… water.

And don’t forget to brush twice a day, floss after meals, and come in for your dental check-up and cleanings every six months!

Gum Recession: Minimizing Your Risks

The expression “getting long in the tooth” refers to gum recession connected with aging.  As the gums recede, the teeth look longer.  But not all situations involving gum recession have to do with aging.

Technically, gum recession occurs when the edge gums (gingival tissue) moves away from the crown of the tooth, exposing the root.

We often think of a receding gum line as having to do with age, because the movement tends to be so gradual that it takes many years to become noticeable.  However, in fact, gum recession can begin at any age, even in early childhood.

Any one of a variety of factors can be the cause of this gingival tissue recession.

Receding Gums Caused by Genetics 

Some people are simply genetically prone to have their gums recede.  Abnormally fragile gum tissue or an insufficient amount of jaw bone to support the gums surrounding the roots of the teeth all the way up the tooth can be inherited problems.

Fortunately, it’s possible to control other contributing factors, so people who are predisposed to gum recession can still work to minimize it.

Chronic Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)

Chronic teeth grinding is likely to cause a variety of oral health problems, including damage to teeth and gums.  Gums can have a difficult time bearing up against the force of the pressure caused by the clenching and grinding motion of the jaws and the gums may recede.

Bruxism is a habit which can be difficult to break, especially for those who grind their teeth in their sleep.

If you have the habit of grinding your teeth and are finding it difficult to stop, please call for an appointment.  We can help.

Overbrushing:  Too Much Brushing is as Bad as Too Little

Dentists and dental hygienists spend a great deal of time encouraging patients to brush their teeth more frequently. This is good advice, as long as you bear in mind that it’s possible to brush too much.  When teeth are brushed too hard or too frequently it can lead to gum recession and enamel erosion.

Luckily, this problem is easy to avoid.  Soft bristles are far better than hard or medium ones and brushing for two minutes twice a day is plenty.

If you see the bristles of your brush bending or fraying within a couple of months, it’s time to go more gently on your brushing.

The same general advice applies to flossing.  Floss on a regular basis as advised by the dentist, but don’t overdo it – treat your gums gently and with care.

Gum Disease

Even early stages of gum disease can leave your gum tissue weakened and vulnerable.  In advanced stages, this disease destroys the supporting tissue and bone around the teeth.  If fact, gum disease in the main cause of gum recession.

The best way to fight gum disease is with good oral hygiene habits and regular visits to the dentist.  Professional cleanings are vital to retaining healthy gums, because once hardened into tartar, dental plaque can only be removed by a dentist.  When the tartar remains on the teeth it irritates the gums, causes gum recession.

Kids and Gum Recession

Even though gum recession is thought of as an older person’s problem, children can also be confronted with a receding gum line.

The causes for gum recession in kids are the same as those for adults.  Make sure your kids brush properly, watch for bruxism, and make sure they visit the dentist regularly.

If you notice your gums are beginning to recede or want to know how to prevent gum recession, give us a call.  We can help you maintain healthy gums and recommend treatment options, if needed.

Plaque and tartar, two words frequently heard during a visit to the dentist, are prime culprits when it comes to tooth decay and gum disease.  However, most people don’t know exactly what these two substances, that are a constant threat to dental health, really are.

Plaque: The first stage of bacterial build-up on the teeth is called dental plaque.  This is a soft, sticky, colorless film consisting of food particles, bacteria, and saliva that builds up on and the between the teeth and under the gums every day.  When you first get up in the morning you may have felt a fuzzy or sticky coating on your teeth – this is plaque.

Plaque is made up of millions of bacteria that live on leftover sugars and starches from the foods we eat.  After it absorbs these particles it excretes acid onto our teeth.

The goods news is that, because plaque is soft, it can be removed easily by regular and diligent flossing and brushing.  

Tartar: When plaque is allowed to sit on the teeth too long it becomes a hard, yellow or brown substance called tartar.  Tartar bonds to the tooth enamel and can only be removed by professional cleaning. You may wonder how this happens.  When the acid that  is produced by oral bacteria comes into contact with the mineral in saliva, it causes a chemical reaction that hardens the plaque, turning it into tartar.  The risk of this build up increases for people with a condition known as dry mouth, for kids and adults with braces, people with crowded teeth, and those who smoke. The tendency to have problems with tartar also increases with age. 

You Can Keep Plaque and Tartar Under Control

Conscientious observance of an oral hygiene routine, coupled with regular professional cleaning can help control oral plaque and keep it from hardening into tartar. 

Here are some steps to include in your hygiene routine:

Winning the Battle for Your Dental Health

It only takes a few minutes in the morning and before bed at night to win the daily battle against plaque and tartar.  You can also ensure continued oral health with regular dental visits.

Working together, we can keep your teeth plaque and tartar free!

Decay, accidents, and sports related injuries are just a few of the common causes of tooth loss.  However, thanks to modern dentistry, none of us has to endure the embarrassment and other difficulties associated with having the gaps created by missing teeth.

Implants or Dentures

Full or partial dentures are one of the oldest solutions for filling the spaces left by missing teeth.  This solution is not, however, without drawbacks.  If not perfectly fitted and properly secured, dentures can slide or fall out. Which can be, to say the least, a bit disconcerting.  Improperly placed dentures can also lead to pain and soreness in the gums and jaw.  Probably the greatest problems with dentures is that, unlike real teeth, they don’t stimulate the bones of the jaw. This can lead to gradual bone loss.

On the other hand, implants, unlike dentures, are surgically placed in the jawbone, resting beneath the gums.  Tiny metal posts serve as new “roots” for the implanted replacement teeth.  These new teeth look, feel, and act, like the real thing.  Implants prevent bone loss and stay in place without any trouble or worry.  You can talk normally and enjoy all your favorite foods without worrying about movement or discoloration. And you can brush them like your normal teeth.

Dentures may be cheaper than implants but that is their only advantage.

Two Types of Implants

The two types of implants are called endosteal and subperiosteal.  Depending on the health of the patient’s gums, the oral surgeon will select the best one of these to suit the situation.  Patients with healthy jawbones will likely receive endosteal implants.  These implants consist of titanium posts surgically placed into the jaw.  Once the post area is fully healed, a crown is secured onto the post, creating a perfectly natural looking and feeling tooth.

Patients without enough jawbone to support endosteal tooth replacement may receive subperiosteal implants.  These consist of metal frames placed between the jawbone and gum tissue.  The titanium posts are added to this framework, protruding up from the gumline.  Crowns can then be attached to these posts.

Which Come First; Braces or Implants?

When a patient needs both orthodontic treatment and dental implants, braces comes first.  Implants won’t move, once they have been placed in the jaw.  However, in some cases an implant can be placed before orthodontic treatment to act as an anchor to help move the natural teeth into their proper position in the mouth. 

We’ll be Happy to Talk to You About Implants 

If you have a missing tooth and would like to fill the gap, please give us a call.  Over three million U.S. residents have at least one dental implant.  It’s a tried and true dental procedure and has completed many smiles.  Give us a call and we can evaluate the health of your jawbone and tell you which type of implant will be best for you.

We love our patients’ smiles!

 It’s not an uncommon occurrence to look in the mirror and find you have stains on your teeth.  And these stains can come in many different colors. They may be brown, yellow or even a temporary bright blue or red from eating brightly colored foods or candy.  However, what if these discolorations are white?  Where do these white spots come from and what can be done about them?

Too Much Fluoride

White spots can sometime appear on perfectly healthy teeth.  One such time this can happen is when the enamel of developing adult teeth is exposed to too much fluoride – a condition known as fluorosis.  Fluorosis doesn’t damage the teeth but does unevenly bleach them.  These leaves the teeth with white blotches and spots.

To avoid these discolorations from fluorosis, limit the amount of fluoride toothpaste you use when brushing your child’s teeth. The tiniest smear of toothpaste on the brush is sufficient for babies and toddlers, and not much more than that for younger children.

Later, when your child begins brushing his or her own teeth, encourage them to not overdo the amount of toothpaste they use.


Another, and more harmful cause of white spots on the tooth’s surface is demineralization.  Demineralization is the gradual leaching of vital minerals, such as calcium, from the tooth enamel. Exposure to the acid in food or drink and plaque build up are the two most common causes of demineralization.  Individuals wearing braces are quite susceptible to this.

 Brushing and flossing are your two best weapons in the fight against demineralization.

Everyone must maintain good oral hygiene habits, but those wearing braces must be especially careful to clean away all plaque and food debris around the brackets in order to avoid white spot when the braces are removed.

And, for everyone, regular visits to the dentist are a must.

Hypoplasia of the Enamel

A less common, and more difficult to control, situation comes when the white spots on the enamel is caused by the condition known as hypoplasia.  Enamel hypoplasia leaves the teeth with thinner enamel than normal, leaving the teeth more vulnerable to stains and decay.  Causes for enamel hypoplasia in a child’s teeth include premature birth, malnutrition, and mother smoking while pregnant.

How to Treat White Spots

Obviously, prevention is preferable to treatment.  However, if white spots do appear on your teeth, there are a few ways to lessen or eliminate them.  Two common ways your dentist can help remove these stains are by bleaching and microabrasion.

With microabrasion a very thin layer of enamel is scraped away, this removing or reducing the white spots and restoring a more uniform appearance to the teeth.

Bleaching (whitening) can be used with microabrasion or as a solution on its own to restore the even and bright appearance of your smile. The best possible results from bleaching will be found to come from a dentist rather than an in-home whitening kit.  If you do want to bleach your teeth at home, find out what product your dentist recommends.

Not all stains can be removed no matter which of these solutions your try.  When this occurs, the best option is veneers.  With veneers the dentist attaches this pieces of porcelain to the teeth, creating a uniform, natural white appearance.

What to Do if You Have White Spots

If you’ve been bothered by the appearance of white spots on your teeth making you less willing to smile, some in and visit us.  We will help you discover the cause and come up with the correct treatment plan for you.

Summer is here and with it comes family vacations, camping, traveling, and exploring new places.  These are an exciting next few months, but before you leave we’d like to offer a few tips and reminders about caring for your teeth and gums while you’re away from home and your normal routine.

Visit the Dentist Before You Leave Home

The last thing you want while you and your family are relaxing or playing at the seaside is the have your fun interrupted by a toothache or other dental emergency.  Depending on where this happens, you may be far from proper dental treatment.  You can save yourself worry and potential vacation disruption by scheduling an appointment and seeing your dentist as part of your holiday preparations.  A simple checkup will ensure your teeth are clean and cavity-free before you leave. 

It is as important to make sure any restorations, such as crowns and fillings are not becoming loose.  Untreated cavities and weakened dental work can become painful due to the pressure changes that go along with flying.

Don’t Get Carried Away With Sugars and Treats 

That feeling of being released from our normal routines and the temptations of delicious foods can lead to over-eating and the consumption of snacks we would normally avoid.  Try to limit these indulgences and keep a pack of sugar-free gum handy to help prevent cavities.

Continue to Brush and Floss Regularly

Once again, away from your normal routine, you may be tempted to neglect regular brushing and flossing.  Pack your toothbrush, toothpaste, and floss, keeping these items handy and make it easy to keep up with your oral hygiene routing.

One thing many people don’t realize is that bacteria can build up quickly on a moist or damp toothbrush.  Make sure you give yours a chance to dry thoroughly before packing it away in your luggage and make sure it has plenty of ventilation between uses.

Have a Wonderful Vacation

By following these few tips, you can help keep your teeth healthy and strong wherever you are and no matter how much fun you’re having. Keep flashing that beautiful smile, and we look forward to seeing you again on your next appointment.

Thank you for trusting us to help you maintain your dental health.

Bad Breath is the ‘Kill-Joy’ of Social Interaction

Imagine sitting in the middle of a date, an interview, or a party with friends and realizing your breath is far from minty-fresh.  We’ve all been there.  Everything seems to be going along just fine and all a sudden our confidence is defeated and the event turns as sour as our breath.  But why do we get bad breath and what can we do to prevent it?

It Could be All About Bacteria and the Food We Eat

To fight bad breath, it’s important to figure out the cause.  The first and most common cause is food particles left between the teeth after eating.  As the bacteria in the mouth breaks down these particles, it leaves a bad smell. This reason for bad breath is easily corrected with good oral hygiene.  Floss at least once a day, brush regularly, use an oral scraper on the tongue, and chew sugar-free gum.

Other Causes of Bad Breath

Bad breath that does not go away with good oral hygiene alone is considered chronic bad breath, also called halitosis.

Halitosis may be caused by one or more of the following:

Chronic health conditions.  Bad breath may be linked to physical conditions you might think are totally unrelated to the way your breath smells. Acid reflux, Diabetes, and liver or kidney disease are a few of these culprits.

Medications may be a contributing factor.  One common side effect of many medications is dry mouth.  Saliva plays an important roll is washing away food particles and neutralizing acid.  Without sufficient saliva the mouth is vulnerable to problems like bad breath.

Tobacco use. Tobacco in any form leaves an unattractive smell is the mouth.  It also can cause the oral cavity to dry out (much is the same way as medications). Additionally, use of this product can increase the risk of oral cancer and gum disease, both of which negatively impact the odor of the breath.

* Bulimia.  Due to frequent vomiting, people who suffer from bulimia have difficulty maintaining fresh breath.

* Pregnancy. Physical reactions to pregnancy, such as morning sickness and vomiting, can cause bad breath due to the increase in food particles and acid in the mouth.

* Upper respiratory infections.  Bad breath can sometimes be the result of increased mucous from a cold or sinus infection.

* Mouth-breathing.  Whether due to nasal blockage, or another reason, mouth-breathing tends to dry out the mouth, creating the absence of saliva necessary to washing away food particles and neutralizing acid.

* Gum disease and tooth decay. Cavities and periodontitis are caused by the same bacteria that breaks down food.  Poor dental health often goes hand in hand with bad breath.

Keep Your Breath Fresh

 Strict oral hygiene will help manage bad breath, even if it cannot stop it entirely. Oral hygiene in combination with finding and correcting the underlying cause will eliminate bad breath by hitting it at its source. 

If you are a smoker, do everything you can to quit. (We know it’s hard.)  If you breathe through your mouth, try to inhale more through your nose.  If you have problems with dry mouth, chew sugar-free gum or pop a mint in your mouth to stimulate the production of saliva.  Sipping water is also a great help.

Visit Your Dentist

The first and most important step to preventing bad breath is discovering the underlying cause.  In this, your best ally is our dentist.  Call and schedule an appointment and get the answers your need.

We want all our patients to feel confident and secure about their breath.

Dementia affects tens of millions of people worldwide with millions of new cases being reported each year. Although, there is currently no cure for dementia, experts have discovered some steps one can take to decrease the chance of developing this condition or limiting its effects. Some preventative measures include not smoking, getting exercise, stimulating the mind with puzzles, reading, maintaining a nutritious diet, and getting sufficient Vitamin D.

A recent study out of Taiwan adds yet another potential cause of dementia and therefore something else you can do to help protect yourself from this disease.

The research was carried out by teams from the Chung Shan Medical University and the National Defense Medical Center – both in Taiwan.

The purpose of the study was to look at how chronic periodontitis may relate to the development of Alzheimer’s disease, when looking at the development over a span of time.

Researchers used the data from a national health database which covered 99% of the country’s residents.  They took a random sampling of 1 million people and selected two groups.  One group had been diagnosed with chronic periodontitis (CP) and one had not.

The study concluded that people who had chronic periodontitis for at least 10 years had a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s Disease that those who did not.

With this is mind, we have yet another reason to take care of our teeth and gums and to watch for signs of periodontitis (gum disease).

Signs of the onset of gum disease can include:

The good news is that, except in unusual cases, you can help prevent gum disease in three simple ways:

It turns out, taking care to prevent gum disease may help the body in ways we hadn’t even imagined.

Your smile is a reflection of who you are, and how you feel about the world around you.  It’s an expression of pleasure at the sight of a friend, happiness at a job well done, and a way of making someone’s day a little brighter.  Because we know how important that smile is to you, we always want to provide you with the best and the most up-to-date dental care.  That’s why all our dental providers are members of the American Dental Association (ADA).
What is the American Dental Association (ADA)?
The ADA is a not-for-profit association founded in 1859 to serve as the source of vital information about dentistry and oral health for both dentists and their patients.  The ADA’s Seal of Acceptance Program hold hundreds of consumer oral health products to the highest standards allowing people everywhere to have trust in the safety and effectiveness of their oral health products, such as dental floss, toothpaste, toothbrushes, and more.
The American Dental Association, consisting of 161,000 members, has just one mission: to improve the oral health of the population.  That’s our mission too.
Why is being a member of the ADA important for Dentists?
Just as the ADA stamp of approval on a dental care product gives patients confidence in knowing that product meets the highest standards, so does a dentist’s membership in the American Dental Association offers proof of their professionalism and high standards of quality and ethics.
Why trust your dental care to a dentist who is a member of the ADA?
The health of your mouth is essential to your overall well-being, and the dental profession holds a special position of trust in any community.  When you choose an ADA member dentist, you’re choosing a dentist who has access to a wealth of up-to-date information and resources, and has agreed to follow the ADA Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct.
First adopted by the ADA in 1866, the ADA Code is under constant review and ethical obligations of that code often exceed the mere legal duties of a practice.
In short, ADA members are held to a higher standard.
One of the many benefits both patient and dentist receive from the dental care provider’s membership in the ADA is the access to quality continuing education programs that keep doctors up-to-date on the latest products, techniques, and procedures to help their patients.
We want Only the Absolute Best for Our Patients
Patient safety and satisfaction are our priorities and we want to go that extra mile to ensure we give each individual the best care possible.
As members of the ADA, we are all constantly improving our skills and learning how to better serve you, the patient.  You deserve a beautiful and healthy smile, and we’re here to make sure you get one.
Thank you for choosing us!

What patients say about Southwest Dental Group

All Dental Services Under One Roof in Abilene

Southwest Dental Group in Abilene is a family dental practice providing comprehensive care for all ages. Our services include general dentistry, pediatric dentistry, cosmetic and restorative tooth repair like porcelain veneers or crowns in addition to endodontics (root canal), oral surgery (teeth extractions) and orthodontics/Invisalign. We also offer treatments for sleep apnea & TMJ disorder treatment. We stress preventive care and education, so you can keep your teeth for life. We also emphasize conservative treatments that will give you the best results in the most comfortable manner.

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